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What is Gum Recession?


Do your gums bleed? Do you feel like your gums are receding from the normal level? If the answer is yes! then this article is for you. The pink-coloured gums are made up of tissues that are connected to the base of the teeth and there are gums for each set of teeth.

The Gingival tissues have a rich supply of blood vessels with a dense texture and it is also termed as a mucous membrane. The gums are strongly connected to the jawbone and firmly cover each tooth. When the tissues grow completely, the gums cover the surface of the root of the teeth and protect them.

What is Gum Recession?

Gum recession is the progression in which the margin of the gum tissues surrounding the teeth recedes, which results in exposure of the root structure of teeth. The formation of pockets and gaps between the teeth and gum line is an indication that you are moving towards gum recession.

If this is left untreated and proper care is not taken then the supporting tissue with bone structures of the teeth can be severely damaged which can lead to tooth loss. Most people have no idea about gum recession. The first symbol which is noticed about gum recession is your teeth look longer than the normal length and you start feeling sensitive.

What are the reasons for gum recession?

There are several factors which contribute to the recession of gums.

  • Inflamed gums

  • Clenching and grinding

  • Periodontal diseases

  • Systemic problems such as diabetes, hormonal problems, and some genetic problems

  • Aggressive brushing

Treatment for gum recession

Surgery is one of the best options to revive either the bone or gum tissue which is carried out by a periodontist. During the surgery, the surgeon places a piece of bone or tissue to grow back the gums and for a successful surgery proper oral health care is vital.

In the treatment of gum recession with grafting a thin part of gum tissue is taken from another part of the mouth and placed where the gum tissue has receded. After the healing of the graft the exposed root surface is covered which prevents sensitivity and root caries.

There are 3 types of grafts which are given below:

  • The most common graft is Connective-tissue grafts which are done to treat multiple sites of recession and the tissue for this procedure is taken from the roof of the mouth.

  • Free gingival grafts in which the tissue is directly taken from the palate.

  • Pedicle grafts in which the tissue is taken from adjacent tissue in need of repair.


Proper oral care and visiting the dentist every four-six months can prevent many gum problems along with gum recession. Don’t wait until your gums starts to recede and book your appointment right away with Mystic Pointe Dental to know about the condition of your gums.

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References 
1. Merijohn G. K. (2016). Management and prevention of gingival recession. Periodontology 2000, 71(1), 228–242. https://doi.org/10.1111/prd.12115
2. Zucchelli, G., & Mounssif, I. (2015). Periodontal plastic surgery. Periodontology 2000, 68(1), 333–368. https://doi.org/10.1111/prd.12059
3. Kassab, M. M., & Cohen, R. E. (2003). The aetiology and prevalence of gingival recession. Journal of the American Dental Association (1939), 134(2), 220–225. https://doi.org/10.14219/jada.archive.2003.0137

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